The Jewish Quarter

One of the most emblematic parts of Girona is the Jewish Quarter, formed by a maze of alleyways and courtyards that give off echoes of ancient times.

A little beat of history...

The Jewish Quarter is one of the best preserved Jewish quarters in the world and a clear evidence of the importance that Jewish culture in Girona. Becomes a great place for walking and being pervaded the essence of the medieval city and its history traces, small shops and restaurants.

Especially in the thirteenth century, the Jewish Quarter was located in the present Força street. Claveria Street served to limit the Jewish quarter the East. For the northern part of the district had a wide street, which was called the Rocket, and Claveria down an alley to the synagogue, which was inserted into the back of the first houses on the right side of the street St. Lorenzo.

This neighborhood has been looted and attacked numerous times throughout history, the result of recurrent persecution to their non-Christian inhabitants. Major attacks were carried out in the Call 1278, during the reign of Peter the Great. The jurors then resumed Girona not have prevented it.

Pati de la casa museu call girona

Among the violence unleashed against the Jews of Girona, excels that took place on Holy Friday in the year 1288, in which James I had to arm themselves with the people to defend them.

The Jews of the various towns of Catalonia Mosque where he had paid significant amounts of tax, both kings and the juries. The Jews of Girona, in 1282 paid the tax called "Cenes royal", the rising amount of 500 silver coins, like many Jews paid the Call of Barcelona.

Another attack was important was in 1285, while Girona is prepared to fight the King of France, Philip "Bold". It seems that this time almogàvers were concentrated in the city for its defense that sacked the Jewish Quarter; in the years 1348 and 1391, not only was sacked and burned the Jewish but also partially destroyed. This time, the Jews had to look at Torre Gironella protection.

The Mosque Girona was distinguished by its wealth and especially for his contributions to the Hebraic culture. This Mosque became the death of Rabbi Wise Cordoba twelfth century, Maimonides, in a home of Orthodox Hebrew culture and a center which radiates long Kabbalah movement.

If you are interested in Jewish history and want to learn more, you may visit the Museum of Jewish History.


Photo: Panoramio

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